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China's condom policies to prevent HIV fail to protect sex workers: research
25 Jul 2016 at 5:03pm
By Alisa Tang BANGKOK (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Chinese police cracking down on sex workers routinely look for condoms as evidence of illegal activity, hindering efforts to prevent the spread of HIV among sex workers, one of the biggest at-risk groups in the country, experts said. China, with a population of about 1.4 billion, has a relatively low HIV prevalence rate, with around half a million reported cases of people living with HIV or AIDS by the end of 2014, according to a government report published last year. Up to 92 percent of the 104,000 cases diagnosed in 2014 resulted from sexual contact, according to research commissioned by Asia Catalyst, which promotes the right to health of marginalized groups in the region.
100-year global study finds world's tallest are Dutch, Latvians
25 Jul 2016 at 4:13pm
By Kate Kelland LONDON (Reuters) - Dutch men and Latvian women are the planet's tallest people but Iranian men and South Korean women have grown the fastest in the last century, according to the largest ever study of height around the world. Americans, once among the world's tallest people, have dropped from having men and women at 3rd and 4th in the global height rankings a 100 years earlier, to placing 37th and 42nd respectively in 2014. The research, led by scientists at Imperial College London and published in the journal eLife, also found some nations have stopped growing over the past 30 to 40 years, despite having spurts at the start of the century studied.
Nineteen feared dead after knife attack in Japan: media reports
25 Jul 2016 at 4:07pm
By William Mallard TOKYO (Reuters) - Nineteen people were feared dead and 45 injured after an attack by a knife-wielding man at a facility for the disabled in Japan early on Tuesday, national broadcaster NHK reported. Police in Sagamihara, Kanagawa Prefecture, about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Tokyo, have arrested Satoshi Uematsu, a 26-year old former employee at the facility, Japanese media reported. The 3-hectare (7.6 acres) facility, established by the local government and nestled on the wooded bank of the Sagami River, cares for people with a wide range of disabilities, NHK said, quoting an unidentified employee.
Up there: Netherlands, Latvia lead world for people's height
25 Jul 2016 at 4:06pm
NEW YORK (AP) ? If you want to see a tall population of men, go to the Netherlands. Tall women? Latvia.
Researchers publish U.S. data on police-related injuries
25 Jul 2016 at 3:38pm
By Will Boggs MD (Reuters Health) - An estimated 55,400 people were injured as a result of legal police interventions in the U.S. in 2012, a study found. ?On a typical day, three people die in this country and 150 are injured during incidents involving police,? Dr. Ted Miller from Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Calverton, Maryland told Reuters Health by email. Miller and colleagues pooled information from several nationwide databases to estimate nonfatal injuries resulting from legal police interventions.
Human tests start on controversial Brazil cancer pill
25 Jul 2016 at 3:09pm
Human testing started Monday in Brazil on a controversial anti-cancer medicine that has been distributed in the country for years without having gone through proper trials. The drug, a synthetic phosphoethanolamine known widely as "the cancer pill," was beginning testing with 10 patients at the Sao Paulo Cancer Institute, the Sao Paulo state health department said. The pill was created by Sao Paulo University professor Gilberto Orivaldo Chierice in the 1990s.
Olympics unlikely to worsen global spread of Zika
25 Jul 2016 at 3:03pm
By Andrew M. Seaman (Reuters Health) - People visiting Brazil for the 2016 Olympics won't significantly add to the global spread of Zika virus, according to a new analysis. Most likely, only six to 80 people visiting Brazil for the Olympics would be infected with Zika virus, and between one and 16 would feel any symptoms, researchers suggest. The Olympic and Paralympic games, scheduled for August and September, are expected to bring 350,000 to 500,000 people to Brazil.
General Mills expands flour recall to more batches
25 Jul 2016 at 2:54pm
(Reuters) - General Mills Inc said it was expanding its flour recall to more batches after the detection of E. coli in its flour samples that led to four new cases of illnesses. One of the four persons developed a type of kidney failure, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said. (http://bit.ly/1sqaiw2) General Mills had recalled about 10 million pounds of flour in May and added two flavors of Betty Crocker cake mix in the United States and one in Canada to the recall in July. Monday's recall includes select production dates through Feb. 10. The previous recalls ranged from Nov. ...
League, union unveil concussion protocol enforcement policy
25 Jul 2016 at 2:50pm
(Reuters) - The National Football League said on Monday that teams could be fined heavily and forfeit future draft picks if they violate the concussion protocol. According to the joint agreement of the NFL and NFL Players Association, each side will designate someone to monitor the implementation of the protocol and investigate any potential violations. If the parties are unable to agree, the matter will be brought to a third party arbitrator that would conduct a review and issue a report to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell, NFLPA Executive Director DeMaurice Smith and the involved parties.
NFL-League, union unveil concussion protocol enforcement policy
25 Jul 2016 at 2:49pm
The National Football League said on Monday that teams could be fined heavily and forfeit future draft picks if they violate the concussion protocol. According to the joint agreement of the NFL and NFL Players Association, each side will designate someone to monitor the implementation of the protocol and investigate any potential violations. If the parties are unable to agree, the matter will be brought to a third party arbitrator that would conduct a review and issue a report to NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell, NFLPA Executive Director DeMaurice Smith and the involved parties.
Celgene drug fails to extend survival in lymphoma study
25 Jul 2016 at 2:33pm
(Reuters) - Celgene Corp said on Monday that its flagship drug Revlimid failed to extend survival as a maintenance therapy for a type of blood cancer after patients had responded to prior treatment. As a result, the U.S. biotechnology company said it would not seek an additional approval for Revlimid for that use, and its shares fell more than 2 percent. Revlimid, a multiple myeloma treatment with annual sales of about $6 billion, was being tested versus a placebo in patients whose diffuse large B-cell lymphoma had responded to initial treatment with Roche's Rituxan and chemotherapy.
Two-thirds of Americans OK if doctors ask about guns
25 Jul 2016 at 2:10pm
By Lisa Rapaport (Reuters Health) - A majority of U.S. adults say it?s at least sometimes appropriate for doctors to discuss guns with patients during check-ups, a nationwide survey finds. While just 23 percent of people surveyed thought it was always OK for doctors to ask about guns, another 14 percent said this was usually appropriate and an additional 30 percent considered it reasonable in some situations. Overall, people who didn?t own firearms were more supportive of doctors bringing up the topic, compared to gun owners.
Colombia declares its Zika epidemic over
25 Jul 2016 at 2:07pm
Colombia declared Monday its Zika epidemic is over, but warned that the mosquito-borne virus, which is blamed for causing brain damage in babies, would continue circulating on a smaller scale. Colombia has been the second hardest-hit country by the disease after Brazil, with nearly 100,000 cases and at least 21 babies born with microcephaly, or abnormally small heads. "Colombia is the first country in the Americas to declare the end of the epidemic," Deputy Health Minister Fernando Ruiz told a news conference.
Contamination of water pushes up costs, makes safe water scarcer: study
25 Jul 2016 at 2:06pm
By Chris Arsenault RIO DE JANEIRO (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Contamination as people and agriculture crowd around water sources has hiked the cost of water treatment by 50 percent in some major cities, a study said on Monday, making it harder to provide safe drinking water for a growing urban population. An expansion of agriculture in areas where cities get their water and growing numbers of people living around watersheds are largely responsible for the rising cost of water treatment, said the study by scientists at Yale University and other U.S.-based institutions. Nearly 90 percent of the world's urban watersheds face some level of degradation from agricultural chemicals and increased sediment, making water treatment more expensive, the study said.
Colombia declares end to Zika epidemic inside country
25 Jul 2016 at 1:35pm
By Julia Symmes Cobb BOGOTA (Reuters) - Colombian health officials declared on Monday that the worst of a Zika outbreak in the Andean nation had passed just 10 months after its arrival, raising questions about how the virus is affecting parts of Latin America differently. Vice Health Minister Fernando Ruiz told journalists that the number of infections in Colombia has been falling by 600 cases a week. While Zika is still circulating in the country, Colombia considers the drop-off sufficient to say it has moved into an endemic phase from the epidemic phase.