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Florida cases seen as first sign Zika transmitted locally in U.S
29 Jul 2016 at 1:47pm
By Barbara Liston and Zachary Fagenson ORLANDO, Fla./MIAMI (Reuters) - Florida authorities on Friday reported the first sign of local Zika transmission in the continental United States, concluding that mosquitoes likely infected four people with the virus that can cause a rare but serious birth defect. Governor Rick Scott said the state believed active transmission of the virus was occurring within an area of Miami about the size of a square mile (2.6 square kms). While health officials have yet to identify mosquitoes carrying the virus, the state has ruled out other means of transmission, including travel to another country with a Zika outbreak, and sexual contact.
Planned home birth still carries risks
29 Jul 2016 at 1:30pm
Hospitals and accredited birth centers are still the safest place for a woman to give birth, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). In a newly published Committee Opinion, the College describes times when home birth should not be considered, such as when the fetus is in a breech or transverse position rather than head-down, when the mother is pregnant with multiples or when she?s had a Cesarean section in the past. Since then, a number of studies have cleared up some uncertainties about birth outcomes, particularly as home birth is practiced in the U.S., said primary author Dr. William H. Barth Jr., chief of the Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital.
Factbox: Why the Zika virus is causing alarm
29 Jul 2016 at 1:19pm
Global health officials are racing to better understand the Zika virus behind a major outbreak that began in Brazil last year and has spread to many countries in the Americas. Zika is transmitted to people through the bite of infected female mosquitoes, primarily the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the same type that spreads dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) said Aedes mosquitoes are found in all countries in the Americas except Canada and continental Chile, and the virus will likely reach all countries and territories of the region where Aedes mosquitoes are found.
Timeline: Zika's origin and global spread
29 Jul 2016 at 1:19pm
The following timeline charts the origin and spread of the Zika virus from its discovery nearly 70 years ago: 1947: Scientists researching yellow fever in Uganda's Zika Forest identify the virus in a rhesus monkey 1948: Virus recovered from Aedes africanus mosquito in Zika Forest 1952: First human cases detected in Uganda and Tanzania 1954: Virus found in Nigeria 1960s-80s: Zika detected in mosquitoes and monkeys across equatorial Africa 1969?83: Zika found in equatorial Asia, including India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Pakistan 2007: Zika spreads from Africa and Asia, first large outbreak on ...
Trendy Miami neighborhood is first in U.S. with local Zika spread
29 Jul 2016 at 1:14pm
Christophe and Franziska Lefever were admiring graffiti at an outdoor gallery in a chic Miami arts district on Friday when they learned that the first cases of Zika spread by mosquitoes in the continental United States were contracted in the area. "We're covered in bug bites already," said Christophe Lefever, 26, weighing his and his wife's odds of getting infected with a virus tied to a rare but serious birth defect. The couple from Austria decided it was probably safe to continue enjoying their vacation, even though Florida authorities now consider it probable that the virus has been transmitted by mosquito bites in the area.
U.S. court strikes down North Carolina voter ID law
29 Jul 2016 at 1:10pm
A U.S. appeals court on Friday struck down a North Carolina law that required voters to show photo identification when casting ballots, ruling that it intentionally discriminated against African-American residents. The ruling, a victory for rights advocates that will enable thousands of people to vote more easily, is also likely to be seen as a boost for Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton going into the election on Nov. 8. The state is politically important as it does not lean heavily toward either Democrats or Republicans, and Clinton is heavily favored among black Americans over Republican nominee Donald Trump.
London maternity clinic to help survivors of rape
29 Jul 2016 at 12:59pm
The centre at the Royal London Hospital is the world's first maternity clinic specifically for rape survivors, according to the My Body Back project which helps women who have experienced sexual violence. Pavan Amara, founder of My Body Back, said for some women pregnancy was the first time since their rape that they felt they had no control over their bodies.
Head of Rio lab: Security paramount for Olympic doping tests
29 Jul 2016 at 12:51pm
By Paulo Prada and Pedro Fonseca RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - Security is the top focus for the laboratory that will conduct doping exams at the upcoming Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, the lab's director said Friday, amid global scrutiny following the recent scandal surrounding Russian athletes. Citing major breaches that the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) described at a Russian laboratory, chemist Francisco Radler said the lab must ensure that cheating, through infiltration by outsiders or other efforts to manipulate testing, is "impossible." In an interview with Reuters outside the new laboratory, a remote five-story building on the island campus of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Radler said a security force of about 50 people, including military police and private guards, will guard the nearly 200 local and international scientists and technicians who will conduct Olympic testing.
Ovarian cancer risk nearly doubles in women who douche
29 Jul 2016 at 12:43pm
By Ronnie Cohen (Reuters Health) - Women who reported douching almost doubled their risk of developing ovarian cancer, a national U.S. study shows. Prior studies have linked douching, or vaginal washing with a device, to yeast infections, pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancies. Researchers have also found associations between douching and cervical cancer, reduced fertility, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
US ties four Zika cases in Florida to local mosquitoes
29 Jul 2016 at 12:21pm
Four cases of Zika virus in Florida are likely the first transmitted locally by mosquitoes in the United States, officials said Friday, marking a new phase in the fast-growing pandemic. Until now, more than 1,600 cases of Zika -- which can cause birth defects -- have been recorded in the mainland United States but most were brought in by people who had become infected while traveling, with a smaller number transmitted by sexual contact. "As we have anticipated, Zika is now here," said Tom Frieden, chief of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), speaking to reporters in a conference call.
Technology alone may not close disparities in medical research
29 Jul 2016 at 12:20pm
By Andrew M. Seaman (Reuters Health) - Internet technologies may help underserved populations participate in medical research studies, but relying on those technologies to get broader participation isn't likely to work, a new study suggests. "Most of those are based on educated white people, and not on the full range of the American population," said Dr. Sarah Hartz, of the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Missouri. Internet technologies like smart phones may make it easier for people to join those projects.
Michigan prosecutor charges six in Flint water scandal
29 Jul 2016 at 11:55am
Six Michigan state employees were charged on Friday in an investigation into dangerous lead levels in the city of Flint's drinking water. The criminal charges were filed by Michigan Attorney General Bill Schuette against three employees apiece from the state's health and environmental departments. Schuette did not elaborate on possible charges for other local and state officials but said prosecutors "were going where the truth" takes them.
Zika mosquito: thrives in hot weather, hard to wipe out
29 Jul 2016 at 11:33am
Behind the spread of the Zika virus is a tiny menace that just won't go away.
Declaration helps Florida mosquito control
29 Jul 2016 at 11:26am
ORLANDO, Fla. (AP) ? The Latest on the Zika virus in Florida (all times local):
Homegrown Zika raises more questions about the evolving risk
29 Jul 2016 at 11:19am
WASHINGTON (AP) ? Homegrown mosquitoes apparently have infected four people in the Miami area with Zika and now it's up to tried-and-true public health measures to stamp out the birth defect-causing virus before it spreads.